NUTRITION DURING PREGNANCY
One of the
most important determinants of the baby's health and development, is the
mother's diet. Regulation and attention to the diet should begin before
pregnancy. It is essential that you be at an optimal weight - neither
under nor over weight - before you become pregnant. You should also have
no Vitamin or mineral deficiencies prior to pregnancy.
pregnant you need to eat a well balanced diet.
- Have a lot of
- cereals and legumes
- Nuts, dried fruits
- Spinach and other leafy vegetables
- Milk and dairy products
- fruits and fruit juices.
- Use healthy cooking oils like sunflower oil.
- Ask your doctor about iron, calcium, Vitamin B+D+ Zinc supplements.
If you are
a vegetarian eat much more of the above. If you are a non-vegetarian include
regular sources of egg, chicken or meat in your diet. Stay away from seafood
- it could cause botulism.
you are unable to take in milk try having milk in other forms
like paneer, curd, custard, shrikhand, fruit yoghurt.
to incorporate Soya into your regular diet. Soya is a rich source
of iron and also has a high protein value. Soya is available
in a lot of forms - soya milk, nutri-nuggets, tofu, soya rawa,
soya flour, etc. These are easily available at health stores.
Otherwise the simplest way incorporate soya into your diet is
to grind nutri-nuggets into a powder and mix it into the wheat
flour so whenever you eat chappatis or paranthas you are automatically
taking in soya.
sprouted dal raw. On cooking they tend to lose some of their
nutritive value. You can have them in salads or can add them
to raita (beaten curd).
on getting enough:
leafy vegetables citrus fruits and legumes
in the development of the baby's brain and spinal cord. Most
needed in the 1st three months.
and milk products and if necessary supplement
for development of the baby's bones. For preventing tooth decay
and osteoporosis in you. Most needed in the last three months.
leafy vegetable, beans, red meat, cereals and fortified breakfast
cereals. Also supplements.
for both baby and mother for proper development of red blood
wheat, beans, fruits, raw vegetables, dry fruits.
constipation, a very major problem during pregnancy.
beans, tops, chicken, fish, meat eggs
for the growth of the baby.
- 8 glasses of water, juice
to feed the increased blood volume and for the amniotic fluid
that protects the baby. Too little fluid can tax your kidneys.
of fluids can induce early labour miscarriages, constipation
and electrolyte imbalances.
- The leaves of fenugreek help in blood formation.
- Lettuce contains a considerable amount of iron and the body easily
absorbs the iron in it.
- Spinach is a valuable source of high-grade iron.
- Soyabean is rich in iron and also has a high protein value.
- Beetroot has a high iron content
- Almond is a good source of copper, which along with iron and vitamins,
acts as a catalyst in the synthesis of aemoglobin.
- Black sesame seeds are a rich source of iron.
- Honey contains iron, copper, and manganese and therefore is good for
- Refined foods like white bread, polished rice, sugar and desserts
rob the body the body of its much-needed iron.
- Sprouted seeds and beans are rich in minerals and vitamins.
- Sunlight stimulates the production of red blood cells.
- Green leafy vegetables, oranges, potatoes and lentils are rich in
- Milk and milk products, green vegetables, sesame seeds, almonds, oats
and walnuts are rich sources of calcium.
If you suffer
from morning sickness: -
- Canned food - can cause food poisoning
- Fish in general, especially fresh water fis
- Coffee and tea
- Greasy or heavily spiced foods.
- Junk food with lots of calories and too few nutrients.
- Cut down on salt as this can cause water
retention and high BP complications especially in the last trimester.
- Eat small amounts more frequently.
- Drink lots of fluids.
- Try nibbling on dry biscuits or toast early in the morning or when
you feel sick.
- Find foods that suit you and a time for eating that suits you and
slick to it.
- Eat light foods that are digested fast.