Without engineers, the technology that we take so much for granted, might never have existed! They are the people who work on scientific theories aimed at developing practical applications for common use and for finding economical solutions to a variety of technological problems. Their job description includes from planning, designing, construction, production, testing, implementation and maintenance. All together Engineering covers 25 branches catering to industry specific, technology specific and business. The knowledge acquired from different branches can be applied to many fields: computer, medical, power distribution, missile guidance and other business fields. Engineers can also opt for postgraduate programs, Ph.D programs, research, and business management after obtaining their basic degree, and these enable them to occupy a senior position in both Government and private sector as a consultant or a planner.
Engineering offers tremendous scope for employment depending upon the area of specialization – for example :
- A chemical engineer will find job opportunities in industrial plants manufacturing soaps, oils, paints, explosives, petro-chemical plants, petroleum refinery etc.
- Apart from jobs in the private sector, engineers can find employment in the public sector. There are numerous opportunities for engineers in the computer software industry.
- The current practice of leading computer companies like TCS, WIPRO, INFOSYS, TISC, MICROSOFT, IBM, MICROMEDIA, ADODE, SPECTRAMIND, etc is to recruit engineers of any branch following an aptitude test/ interview. Those selected are given intensive in house training of two to three months and then develop software projects.
- UPSC conducts the Indian Engineering Services exam for Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE), Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineer (IRSEE), Indian Railway Service for Mechanical Engineers (IRSME), Indian Railway Service for Signal Engineers (IRSSE) and it also recruits for central Engineering Service, Military Engineering Services, Survey of India, Central Welfare Engineering Services, and Indian Ordinance Factories Engineering Services etc.
- Engineers can join Defense services as commissioned officers.
- They have great demand in Civil Aviation Industry and Merchant Navy.
- Can work as a Consultant in research / scientific organization.
- An engineer with abilities can also set up his/her own enterprise.
- If you are successful as an engineer and have strong leadership skills, ability for entrepreneurship within a few years of graduation you could very well move into management. Opportunities exist primarily in two areas: line management and project management. In a company, the technical staff is organized into engineering “line organization.” A unit supervisor manages ten to fifteen engineers; a group manager manages several units. This organizational line goes on up to department managers, the chief engineer or engineering vice president, and finally the president. Often the president of a technical company is an engineer who worked his or her way up through the line organization. Project management is a little different, as the staff is organized according to a specific project or assignment. At the head of each project is a project manager. For a small project, the project manager may oversee the entire project; for larger projects, a project management staff ranging from one person to several hundred people assists the project manager. The role of the project management staff is to see that the project is completed successfully, on time, and within budget. One of their major responsibilities is to oversee the work of engineers assigned to their project from the line organization.
The functioning of an engineers depends on their area of specialization and position held in the work place, but there are some common function one meet are as follows:
- Design is at the core of all engineering processes and involves a lot of original and creative thought. Engineers design new or improved versions of a product, engineering process or plant.
- Research and development is concerned with practical problem solving on current and new products. It takes into account the frequent product changes that are necessary to compete in the world markets, and involves working closely with design and production teams.
- Production is both a branch and a function of engineering. It involves controlling the manufacture or construction of products (such as computers or music systems), achieving an even flow of work, using resources, material and labor efficiently, to deliver the correct quality and quantity of goods.
- A technical sale combines salesmanship with technical and expert knowledge. It can involve lengthy negotiations over technical details with customers who may also be professionally qualified. It is also important in determining market needs and in looking for new products.
- The study of information systems is concerned with the technologies involved in gathering, processing, storing, distributing, & using large volumes of data typically found in financial or retail systems.
Specialization in Engineering
Engineering covers quite a number of specialization. Some of them are –
- Aeronautical Engineering/Aerospace Engineering
- Agriculture Engineering
- Architecture Engineering
- Automobile Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Ceramic Engineering
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- Electronics and Communication Engineering
- Marine Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgical and Mining Engineering
- Naval Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Textile Engineering